According to him, Chornobyl biosphere preserve
is suggested to be comprised of the largest part of the alienation zone’s
territory, which is around 230 thousand ha. The area will be divided into
several functional zones: the nature reserve, a buffer zone and the zone of
anthropogenic landscapes. In the process of grounding the division into the
functional zones there were accounted nature conditions, location and
peculiarities of nature landscape. There were singled out especially precious
land areas with the view to preservation and study. At this it is not planned
to include into the preserve industrial objects with the total area of over
32 thousand hectares.
“Throughout 28 years the Chornobyl area has been
protected and there has developed a unique situation today – both the flora
and the fauna are being actively enhanced and restored in this territory,” Andrii Mokhnyk stressed. He added
pursuant to the Law of Ukraine “On the nature reserve fund of Ukraine” the territory
of the preserve will be the subject for environmental, scientific, ecological
and educational activities and the activities directed to restoring of the contaminated
lands as well.
After all, the Minister
explained, Chornobyl area appears a unique place for scientific research, it
is valuable for the entire international community. He added experts of the
Global Environment Fund (GEF) had expressed interest to this topic: they had started
elaboration of a project document to ground principal stages of sustainable
development in the Chornobyl alienation zone through setting up a Research
and Environmental Protection Centre.
In the framework of a
future international prospect it is planned to create a transborder
Ukrainian-Belarusian biosphere reservoir with an area of around 500 thousand
hectares. It will also include Drevlyansky Nature Reserve
(Zhytomyr region) and the Polesie State Radiation and Ecological Reserve (the Republic of Belarus).