A civil service reform envisages a clear distinction between political
and administrative positions, thus ensuring the public service being independent
from influence of any political party. Chairman of the National Agency on Civil
Service Kostyantyn Vashchenko announced at a briefing
at the Government House on March 26, with regard to the adoption of new draft versions
of laws of Ukraine "On the civil service" and "On the service in
local self-government authorities".
The Chairman of the National Agency stressed that the bills had been elaborated
together with public organizations, international experts, had been widely
discussed by the social, scientific and expert circles, and approved by the
Government on 25 March.
"Among the key priorities of the reform are distinct limits between
political and administrative posts, in particular the introduction of state
secretaries of relevant ministries, excluding from the civil service MP
assistants, employees of staff of senior officials," explained Kostyantyn Vashchenko.
Applicants to fill civil service posts are selected exceptionally through
a competition procedure. De-partisation implies a ban
to be a member of political parties.
A novelty of the draft laws "On the civil service" and "On
the service in local self-government authorities” is that it offers a
simplified and understandable classification. Instead of the now existing 7, it
is offered to leave 3 categories, instead of existing 15 ranks there will be 9.
The system of civil service management, headed by the Cabinet of
Ministers of Ukraine, is also to change. There is set up a Senior Civil Service
Commission. This collegiate body shall coordinate requirement to fill senior
posts, conduct the selection of officials and assess the validity of proposals
regarding the dismissal of such persons.
"Thus, the appointments to the posts of state secretaries, heads of
Central Executive bodies and other positions of senior will not occur on the
party-political quotas, not on the basis of someone's personal feelings, but
solely based on existing professional competence, managerial experience,
previous achievements and achievements", - said Konstantin Vashchenko.
The guarantee of equal access to public service and service in local
self-government bodies, in particular, shall be transparent competitions. A
three-stage procedure of selection will include the verification of
qualifications, testing and interview. It is significant to ensure that at
least one-third of the members of the competition commission are from the
public (such as industry associations etc.) who are capable to evaluate the
applicant to the post in a professional and impartial way.
Another change is a different model of paying salary with two obligatory
extra pays – for seniority and rank.
According to the Chairman of the National Agency, the draft laws "On
the civil service" and "On the service in local self-government
authorities" are harmonized with each other. In particular, an opportunity
is envisaged to switch from civil service to a position in a local authority
without competitive selection. It is relevant in the decentralization context.
According to Kostyantyn Vashchenko, the public
service reform shall improve the quality of public services, personnel
renovation of public authorities and local self-government, primarily at the
account of young people, who will see professional career opportunities in the
"Any official shall become accountable to the civil society", urged
Kostyantyn Vashchenko, stressing that the bills
clearly determine appropriate mechanisms.
The Chairman of the National Agency expressed belief that the relevant
bills will be considered by the Verkhovna Rada in the near future and endorsed, and since July 1 will enter into