Decentralization in Ukraine is an example of devolution by central
government of powers and financial resources down to local authorities, thereby
allowing to achieve the effectiveness of local
government and quality of governance in the regions. This was stated by Prime
Minister of Ukraine Volodymyr Groysman during an opening ceremony for the USAID-funded
program Decentralization Offering Better Results and Efficiency (DOBRE) on Tuesday.
"What has happened in these few years can be a good
example of how the state delegates authority that you can use to work on those
who elect you, to do your work efficiently and most importantly to create a
system of high quality services at the local level", said Volodymyr
Groysman, speaking about the results of the decentralization reform.
During the years of implementation of the reform necessary
powers and resources have been transferred within the framework of financial
decentralization, said the Prime Minister.
Thus, the local budgets compared to last year have increased
by UAH 34 billion UAH, which is about 50%.
For the second consecutive year in Ukraine there have been applied
other tools to encourage regional development: resource of the State Regional
Development Fund, subsidy for economic and social development and subvention
for the support of united territorial communities worth UAH 1 billion. The
Government plans to enhance the latter up to UAH 1.5 billion next year, he
"The Government transfers the most of financial
resources down [to local communities] and does it openly, publicly and
systematically", said Volodymyr Groysman.
By now in Ukraine there have been created 184 united
territorial communities, in another 184 the elections are due on December 11
and 18. "This is just the beginning, but this process is irreversible",
noted the Prime Minister.
Volodymyr Groysman stressed that he had initiated the
decentralization process as Vice Prime Minister of Ukraine, Minister of Regional
Development, Construction, Housing and Utilities and then Speaker of the
Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine. Under his patronage on April 1, 2014 there was adopted
first strategic document developed jointly with experts - a concept of local governance
reform in Ukraine, which was the beginning of the decentralization reform. Another
document developed and adopted was the Law of Ukraine On
Voluntary Association of Territorial Communities.
"At last we’ve got the result, the result that confirms
that an effective system of local government will make the success of our
country inevitable", said Volodymyr Groysman.
In this regard, the Head of Government thanked for the support
in implementation of the decentralization reform the international partners, namely
the European Union, Switzerland, Germany and the United States of America. The
USAID-funded program Decentralization Offering Better Results and Efficiency
(DOBRE) aimed at support for the consolidated communities will operate for 5
years in Ukraine, he said.
"This means that we are not the only ones who know and
understand the importance of this reform, but our international partners, who
have built real local self-government in their countries, know that Ukraine is following
the right way. On this way we will succeed. But this success requires
leadership", summed up the Prime Minister.